The influential producer and director was nominated for 2 Oscars and co-created the TV collection “The Monkees.”
DENVER — Bob Rafelson, an influential determine within the New Hollywood-era of the Nineteen Seventies who was nominated for 2 Oscars for “5 Straightforward Items,” has died. He was 89.
Rafelson died at his house in Aspen on Saturday evening, surrounded by his household, mentioned his spouse, Gabrielle Taurek Rafelson.
Rafelson was liable for co-creating the fictional pop music group and tv collection “The Monkees” alongside the late Bert Schneider, which received him an Emmy for excellent comedy collection in 1967.
He was maybe greatest recognized for his work in the course of the New Hollywood period, which noticed a classical studio system giving approach to a batch of rebellious younger voices and contemporary filmmaking kinds, and helped usher in abilities like Martin Scorsese, Brian De Palma, Francis Ford Coppola and Steven Spielberg.
Rafelson directed and co-wrote “5 Straightforward Items,” about an upper-class pianist who yearns for a extra blue-collar life, and “The King of Marvin Gardens,” a couple of depressed late-night-radio speak present host. Each movies starred Jack Nicholson and explored themes of the American dream gone haywire. “5 Straightforward Items” obtained Rafelson two Oscar nominations in 1971, for greatest image and screenplay.
He additionally produced seminal New Hollywood classics together with Peter Bogdanovich’s “The Final Image Present” and Dennis Hopper’s “Straightforward Rider.”
Coppola as soon as referred to as him “probably the most essential cinematic artists of his period,” and his followers embrace Quentin Tarantino and Wes Anderson.
Rafelson was born in New York Metropolis and was a distant relative of “The Jazz Singer” screenwriter Samson Raphaelson, who he mentioned took an curiosity in his work. At Dartmouth he additionally turned buddies with legendary screenwriter Buck Henry.
He developed an curiosity in Japanese cinema and the movies of Yasujiro Ozu, particularly “Tokyo Story,” whereas serving within the U.S. Military in Japan.
After school, Rafelson married his highschool sweetheart, who labored as a manufacturing designer on his movies and others. He obtained his begin within the leisure enterprise in tv, writing for exhibits like “The Witness” and “The Best Present on Earth.”
“The Monkees” was his first large success. The concept for The Monkees, he mentioned, predated The Beatles and the musical comedy “A Onerous Day’s Evening,” but it surely hit the second effectively when it premiered on NBC in 1966. It ran for 2 years and allowed Rafelson to take a stab at directing himself.
The Monkees additionally appeared in his characteristic directorial debut, “Head,” which might be the primary of many collaborations with Nicholson.
“I could have thought I began his profession,” Nicholson informed Esquire in 2019, “however I believe he began my profession.”
Rafelson was proudest of the 1990 movie he directed, “Mountains of the Moon,” a biographical film that informed the story of two explorers, Sir Richard Burton and John Hanning Speke, as they looked for the supply of the Nile, his spouse mentioned.
Rafelson’s personal adventures to locations like Morocco, India, southeast Asia, Mexico and Guatemala influenced his work, she mentioned.
“He cherished nothing greater than disappearing into unusual pockets of the world,” Taurek Rafelson mentioned.
Rafelson left Hollywood twenty years in the past to give attention to elevating two sons with Taurek Rafelson, Ethan and Harper, in Aspen. He and his first spouse, Toby Rafelson, additionally had two kids, Peter, and Julie, who died in 1973 when she was 10 years outdated.
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